Classification of warehouses: distinctive features of A, B, C, D warehouses
There is quite large number of classifications of warehouses by various signs: to appointment, design, size, completing and palletizing, location, etc.
The most widespread is the classification dividing warehouses into types A, B, C, D today. In this case a number of various parameters, such as level of development of infrastructure (quality of access roads, opportunities for maneuvering of freight vehicles, existence of branches of railway transport, quality of engineering communications, etc.), technical characteristics of the Types Of Warehouse Location System warehouse, a range of services (responsible storage, a possibility of the organization of office, protection of the territory and building, etc.) is considered.
It rooms which were built especially for conducting warehouse activity. Certain requirements to materials from which construction of the room, to width of flights, height of ceilings, etc. was carried out are imposed to warehouses of this class. The internal space of the warehouse has to be adapted under a concrete type of the stored goods.
In this case obligatory point is convenience to transportation of freights: existence of a railway branch, proximity to trunk mains, and also modern system of protection and fire extinguishing possibility of the organization of office, high-quality engineering communications, autonomous system of water supply and electric power. As a rule, at such rooms there is a possibility of regulation of temperature, humidity, illumination in warehouse depending on a type of the protected goods. Reliable rack systems, the high-quality heavy-load equipment, various service warehouse services – distinctive features of modern warehouses of a class A.
Rather new rooms or such which were Types Of Warehouse Location System recently reconstructed belong to this type. As a rule, it is multistoried warehouses to which requirements for height of ceilings, existence of the automated gate, a ramp for unloading of heavy-load motor transport, freight elevators, and also a modern fire extinguishing system are imposed. Most often in this type of rooms additional investments in the organization of effective security system and for equipment of a warehouse necessary modern technological means can be required. Here auxiliary rooms or an opportunity for their organization are also, as a rule, provided.
It rooms which initially were not supposed to be used for storage. Most often it is the former shops of large manufacturing enterprises, various hangars, motor depots, etc. Warehouse which were built last century also belong to the same category.
They are equipped with ramps for unloading of transport, existence of system of central heating. Here additional expenses on creation of system of protection, the equipment of additional gate, creation of the place for maneuvering of freight vehicles, etc. can be required.
It rooms which also initially did not intend for storage. These are the separate not heated constructions, garages, cellars, etc. Here it is possible to store goods which do not demand special conditions, steady against influence of the environment. An example of such goods – industrial raw materials. Most often it does not make sense to modernize and adapt these rooms as expenses can exceed the cost of purchase of the real estate. Services, such as protection and similar in warehouse of a class D are not provided.