The architecture in India is the game of forms which is surprising. It concerns and residential quarters where magnificent country houses and mud houses of poor people, and areas are surprisingly combined with commercial building where the friend near the friend the unique, striking with the beauty monuments of Old Indian architecture and super modern «monsters» from glass and concrete settle down. At the same time there are, special, very ancient and very accurate principles of planning both the site, and house. We will also tell today about all these aspects.
Traditions of inhabited space
In India where often very much hot, life is under the open sky very active. In the cities and settlements of the street, the area and all open spaces are used very intensively – they are constantly filled by people. And even at home the Indian will see off almost day and night under the open sky, preferring to settle on air and on a lodging for the night.
Different Types Of Houses In India,
even in cold mountainous areas of Kashmir, in any Indian dwelling the
main place and the biggest space is occupied by the open courtyard
called angan or uthan. In it under the open sky the family spends the
most part of time. The beams of the sun getting into the yard dry up
and disinfect everything that is in it, the rain washes away dirt and
fills vessels for water, and wind ventilates and cools air. Under a
canopy of terraces, loggias, pavilions take cover during a rain or
from the scorching beams of the sun in hot midday time. Most less
often Indians are indoors which in comparison with others happens
small. The house utensils are stored in it, and it serves as
protection against bad weather.
The similar principle of use of inhabited space differently refracts in various local conditions of extensive India. In coastal areas where constantly hot it is also damp, there is an urgent need in air circulation. Here the enclosed space is minimized, and the house usually consists of a suite of the reported courtyards differing among themselves with function, the size and a form. So, the atrium as a lobby replaces a peristilny (open) court yard drawing room with a reservoir in the center, and it is followed by all means by the spacious economic yard where life of women and children is generally concentrated. All this system of the yards extended from an entrance to the house on a longitudinal axis, as a rule, becomes isolated an orchard. In this case building low.
But, for example, in Rajasthan where roads between the cities lie on the hot desert, the house is represented the oasis isolated from the environment with its scorching sun and the frequent hurricanes lifting dust columns. Rajasthan always lacked the water and the earth suitable About Different Types Of Houses In India for arable farming and for building. Such conditions forced local population to create for economy of the scarce earth and protection against the elements in the cities multistoried compact block building in which the courtyards, so necessary, as well as across all India, could be extensive only for exclusive wealthy citizens. In houses of people of modest prosperity the courtyard clamped from all directions by stone walls, covered with stone plates in the plan assimilated to a well, rectangular, and is more often to square.